Rootstock Apple

Dwarf, Semi-Dwarf and Mini-Dwarf Apple Rootstocks

Most of our apple trees are grafted on the dwarfing EMLA 26 rootstocks. EMLA 26 is a superior choice for backyard growers and produces a tree that will grow to 8'-14' tall. We also offer many other semi dwarf and mini-dwarf rootstocks, please read about them below. To determine which rootstock is best, check the rootstock available after each varietal description online.


Use Raintree's search engine to locate apple rootstocks. For best results, enter the rootstock type as in EMLA26 (no spaces) and click on Search.


We offer 'mini-dwarf' apple trees grown on our special EMLA 27 rootstocks. They are easily maintained at only four to six feet tall.

highly productive, compact Mini-Dwarfs are perfect to grow in a small backyard. You can space them as close as 5' apart. Or place the tree in a fifteen gallon pot on the patio. You can train them to branch low (at 1'-2') to maximize fruit production. They begin bearing in the second year and each tree can produce a half box of fruit a season. The tree is not a gimmick. It is used extensively in Europe in commercial apple orchards and the per acre yields exceed American yields. Caring for the mini-dwarfs is great project for kids. We offer 2'-4' grafted mini-dwarf trees. See each variety in our online catalog for price.


MINI-DWARFS PERFECT FOR A SMALL YARD: Following are varieties we have available on EMLA 27 rootstock:


  • Ashmead's
  • Akane
  • Chehalis
  • Belmac
  • Red Boskoop
  • Dayton
  • Greensleeves
  • Enterprise
  • Gravenstein
  • Spartan
  • William's Pride
  • Honeycrisp
  • Evereste
  • Jonagold
  • Karmijn
  • Liberty
  • Melrose
  • Pristine
  • Queen Cox
  • Rubinette
  • PInk Lady


Most of our apple trees are on the EMLA 26 rootstock. We call these dwarf trees because the rootstock allows the trees to grow to about 10 to 13 feet in height, depending on the variety grafted upon it. Allow about 10-15 feet of spacing between trees. Trees on EMLA rootstocks don't need to be staked, though staking apple trees is always a good idea. This rootstock does well on a wide variety of soils. Trees on EMLA rootstock are hardy in USDA Zones 4-9 and sometimes in zone 3 with the hardiest varieties like Honeycrisp and Wolf River.

Most of our semi-dwarf trees are on EMLA 7 rootstock. These trees will grow from 12-16' in height and need at least that amount of spacing between trees. They are hardy in USDA Zones 4-9 and do well in a wide variety of soils. Our Combo Apples are on EMLA 106 which makes a slightly larger tree than the EMLA 7.


We offer trees on the very hardy Antonovka full size rootstock that makes a tree of 25 or more feet tall. It takes longer to start bearing but makes a beautiful long lasting tree for a large yard or acreage. Nothing can beat the beauty of a big old standard apple tree.