Pollination Apples

 
  Understanding Apple Pollination

For pollination you need to have two different apple varieties! Apples, with the exception of the Queen Cox self fertile, don’t pollinate themselves. Apples also don’t pollinate other fruits!

All the apples listed in RED letters with asterisks(*) are triploids. These will not pollinate other varieties or themselves. However they are pollinated by other apple varieties. So Gravenstein, which is a triploid, won’t pollinate any other variety. However it can be pollinated by another variety that blooms near the same time.

How to read the lists: We have listed the apple varieties we offer from the earliest bloomer which is WSU AxP, to the latest bloomer which is King Edward.

The EARLY SEASON bloomers and the LATE SEASON bloomers won’t cross pollinate because their bloom time is too far apart and the early varieties will be done blooming before the late ones start.

It is best to pick a pollinator in the same half of the total list. The closer the two varieties are in bloom time, the more their bloom will overlap and the more likely you will get pollination and therefore fruit set.

What is important is to choose a pollinator that is not too far in bloom time from your variety. For instance Liberty and Dayton are close enough to count on for pollination whereas Liberty and Fiesta are far enough away to often work, but not always. Zestar and King Edward would rarely if ever overlap in bloom. While the bloom order stays generally similar in different parts of the nation and in different years, the actual bloom dates change year to year depending on the weather.

Early Season

WSU AxP, Gravenstein*, Zestar, Brown Russett, Egremont Russett, Alkemene, William's Pride

Early-Mid Season

Golden Russet, Granniwinkle, Pink Cloud, Chehalis, Mott Pink, Pristine, Scarlet Sentinel, Egremont Russet, Dolgo, Holstein, Liberty, Silken, Centennial, Sansa, Akane and Puget Spice

Mid Season

Enterprise, Jonagold*,  Almata, Golden Sentinel, Belmac, North Pole, Rebella, Arkcharm, Empire, Spartan, Dabinett, Snow Sweet, Red Booskoop*, Shizuka*, Greensleeves, Fameuse, Beni Shogun, Dayton, Ashmead's Kernel*, Hudson's, Releika, Spitzenberg, Evereste, Rubinette, Karmijn*, Red Flesh and Campfield

Mid-Late Season

Honeycrisp, Shay, Pink Lady, Foxwhelp, Braeburn, Melrose, Harrison, Frequin Rouge, Queen Cox Self Fertile, Goldstar, Wolf River, Fiesta, Ellison's Orange, King Edward VII, Michelin, Kingston Black and Arkansas Black

Late Season

Northern Spy, Flower of Kent, Thompkins King* and Bramley*


Apple ripening order

August 

  1. Dolgo Crab
  2. Centennial
  3. William's Pride
  4. Zestar
  5. Pristine
  6. Sansa
  7. Arkcharm

Early September

  1. Almata
  2. Akane
  3. Silken
  4. Ellison's Orange
  5. Gravenstein
  6. Queen Cox
  7. Mott Pink
Mid-Late September 
  1. Chehalis
  2. Dayton
  3. Fiesta
  4. North Pole
  5. Wolf River
  6. Beni Shogun
  7. Pink Pearl
  8. Bardsey
  9. Rebella
  10. Greensleeves
  11. Empire
  12. Puget Spice
  13. Scarlet Sentinel
  14. Pink Lady
  15. Shay
  16. Johnny Appleseed
  17. Fameuse
Early-Mid October 
  1. Bramley
  2. Red Flesh
  3. Belmac
  4. Golden Sentinel
  5. Honeycrisp
  6. King Edward VII
  7. Liberty
  8. Thompkins King
  9. Egremont Russet
  10. Rubinette
  11. Spartan
  12. Jonagold
  13. Karmijn de Sonnaville
  14. Snowsweet
  15. Ashmead's Kernel
  16. Shizuka
Mid-Late October 
  1. Kingston Black
  2. Michelin
  3. Goldstar
  4. Foxwhelp
  5. Flower of Kent
  6. Arkansas Black
  7. Evereste
  8. Holstein
  9. Melrose
  10. Enterprise
  11. Red Boskoop
  12. Hudson's
  13. Spitzenberg
  14. Braeburn
  15. Dabinette
  16. Brown Russet
  17. Golden Russet
  18. Northern Spy
  19. Harrison