Our plums provide an abundance of delicious fruit with relatively little care.
Plums are unique among the fruits, because they are a diverse group belonging to fifteen different species and are native to areas throughout the world. We offer semi dwarf trees that grow to an average of 12-15 feet tall and need that amount of spacing.
Hardiness: Asians USDA Zones 4-10; Europeans 4-9.
Sun or shade: Full sun.
Height and spacing: Can be kept at 10-15'.
Harvest time: July-October.
Origin: North America, Europe and Japan.
Yield: 20 pounds or more per tree.
How to Grow
Soil requirements: The European plums grow well on heavy soils. Japanese plums prefer lighter loamy soils. Like the other fruits, they prefer a slightly acidic soil. Our St. Julian A rootstock is tolerant of a wide variety of soils.
Cultural requirements: The European types can be grown as a central leader tree and don’t require much thinning or pruning when mature. Fruit is born on spurs and also on new wood. Japanese plums are best grown with open centers and are very bushy, requiring thinning of branches.
How to Use
In the kitchen: All types can be eaten fresh, canned or made into leathers. Most can be used for jams and jellies. The varieties which are best suited for drying are referred to as prunes. The prune types can be stewed, made into a delicious filling for pastries or combined with other fruits in a pork stuffing. In the cuisines of other countries, prunes are served as an accompaniment to meat dishes. Belgian tarts can be made from prunes and currant jelly.
In the landscape: European plum trees tend to be 10-15 feet tall and upright with attractive deep green foliage. Japanese plums tend to be more spreading. They have a lighter colored foliage. All are adorned with beautiful white to slightly pink flowers in the spring. Japanese plums are amongst the first to flower; and, for us mark the beginning of spring.
For Your Health: Plums are rich in vitamins and minerals. Dark red and blue skinned plums are high in antioxidants. Mirabelles are high in beta carotene and Vitamin A.