Both Asian and American persimmons are very beautiful trees that produce delicious, sweet orange fruit.
All the trees we offer are grafted and will have superior quality fruit on an early bearing tree. We cannot ship American persimmons to CA.
Hardiness: USDA Zones 5-9. Asians, zones 7-11. All vary depending on varieties and rootstocks. Persimmons bloom late, usually escaping spring frosts.
Sun or shade: Persimmons can tolerate some shade but Asian varieties, in particular, require a sunny location to ripen the fruit.
Plant height and spacing: 15' for Asians, 35' for Americans though they are easily maintained at 15'.
Harvest time: Oct.-Nov. Fuyu, Hachiya and Chocolate, because of longer ripening time, often don’t ripen in Western Washington, but thrive in the Willamette Valley and in other areas with warmer summers. Saijo is the most reliable Asian persimmon for ripening in western Washington. Our Americans are the best bets in cool summer areas.
Picking and storage: Astringent varieties are those that you pick and allow the fruit to soften and become "mushy’ inside before you can enjoy the sweet flavor. The American cultivars are astringent until soft and ripe. Non-astringent selections are delicious even when eaten while the fruit is ripe but firm.
Pollination: Asian persimmons, produce seedless fruit without pollination. Americans need pollination except Meader which is self fertile.
Life expectancy: 50-75 years.
Propagation: Grafting or budding on seedling rootstock.
Years to first fruit: 2-3 years for grafted trees.
Note on Delayed Leafing
Don’t worry! Because persimmons break dormancy based on heat units, not chilling requirements, many newly planted persimmons trees don’t come out of dormancy the first season, in a cool spring and summer climate like the Pacific NW, until summer or even fall. To induce growth, keep a potted tree in a warm place until it starts leafing out. Then remove from the pot with dirt attached and carefully plant it in the ground during a wet spell. A bare root tree could be simply planted in the ground or could be potted and then unpotted and planted just after it started to leaf. Planting instructions are included with each tree.
How to Grow
Soil requirements: Persimmons are adapted to a wide variety of soil types. They are tolerant of wet soils and also do well on light sandy soils. Once established, they can withstand considerable drought.
Cultural requirements: Persimmons are one of the easiest fruit trees to grow. They have almost no pest or disease problems. The tree can be kept small with judicious pruning. After the form of the tree is established, usually a modified central leader, pruning should be confined to light thinning and heading back excessively vigorous growth. Persimmons flower and bear fruit on the current seasons growth.
How to Use
In the landscape: The tree is a beautiful ornamental. The large glossy leaves turn bright red each autumn. After the leaves fall, the orange fruit hangs like many lanterns on the tree.
In the kitchen: Persimmons are nutritious; being high in both vitamins A and C. Their bright orange color and delicious, very sweet flavor compliment many other foods.