Vitis vinifera; Vitis labrusca
We have a huge selection of grapes at our nursery!
The highly productive grapevine in your yard will become a focal point of beauty. Think carefully about were to plant it! We offer a selection of high quality seedless, wine and dessert grapes. Most will ripen even in areas with cool summers. Many commonly known varieties won’t ripen in parts of our region due to lack of enough hot summer weather. The ripening dates listed are for the cooler parts of Western Washington. Most varieties will ripen sooner in warmer summer climates. We offer well rooted plants.
Origin: Vitis vinifera originated in Western Asia and is one of the oldest of cultivated plants. Grapes have been cultured for 3000 years. V. labrusca is one of many grape species native to Eastern North America.
Hardiness: Wine grapes USDA Zones 7-9. Dessert Grapes unless otherwise noted, USDA zones 5-9.
Sun or shade: Vine will grow in partial shade, but full sun is generally required west of the Cascades to mature fruit.
Plant spacing: Six to eight foot intervals, depending upon vigor of variety, relative fertility of site, pruning regimen. One vine, left to grow, can cover a large area.
Harvest time: September-October. Look for our grafted grapes. They are grafted on rootstocks that allow them to ripen up to a couple of weeks before the same variety on its own roots.
Method of propagation: Hardwood cuttings or grafting in late winter.
Life expectancy: Eighty years or more.
Bearing age: Two or three years after planting.
Yield: Depends on how much room it has. 30 pounds or more on an arbor.
How to Grow
Soil requirements: Grapes are widely adapted. They prefer deep, well drained soils. Once established, the plants are tolerant of droughty sites, with their long, deep striking roots. Soil of average fertility is best, as too rich a soil promotes abundant vegetative growth at the expense of fruit production. Grapes prefer slightly acid soils. We also offer several varieties with very colorful fall foliage in addition to their crop of grapes.
Cultural requirements: When planting, prune the plant back to two buds. Place a 5 ft. stake next to the young vine for support for the first year. Select one cane to grow up the stake and remove other shoots. By the second year a permanent trellis should be erected. Seven or eight foot posts buried 2 feet, spaced at 8 foot intervals, will make a good support system. Wires can be placed at 3 1/2 and 5 feet in height. Our "Owner’s Manual" and grape growing books will explain how to prune.
How to Use
In the landscape: Vines make a very fast growing summer screen. An arbor with grapes planted at six foot intervals on either side will create lovely summer shade space. (We offer arbors and trellises on the supply pages.) Vines planted on the south side of a house will generally ripen a week earlier and will cool a building in summertime. Grapevines can be used to arch a walkway, form a leafy wall, or shade a deck. Each variety has its own distinct, bold textured leaf pattern. Grapevines are known for their colorful fruit.
In the kitchen: Fresh eating, jam, juice, wine, raisins. Vinefera type wine grape leaves are used in several Greek dishes.